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Video Why Does Armour Look The Way It Does?

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14:50   |   38K+ views   |   06/21/2018 at 21:48

Transcription

  • no number ones welcome back to my
  • channel this is the Metatron speaking
  • and today we're going to talk about
  • going to have a discussion about armor
  • and its development throughout the world
  • and I think it's a very interesting very
  • deep topic that particularly fascinates
  • me but let's jump right into it
  • hi there welcome back
  • so whenever we look at a suit of armor
  • whenever we look at a full harness where
  • ever it might be from it might be
  • Western European armor might be Eastern
  • European Japanese Dai Mongolian Chinese
  • it doesn't really matter whenever we
  • look at a suit of armor
  • the first thing distracted it that
  • really stands out is the artistic value
  • some of these sets of armor that we see
  • in museums are absolute works of art but
  • what's curious in a way is the fact that
  • actually art or artistic Liberty doesn't
  • really it's not one of the most the most
  • important driving forces that shape
  • armor into what it is so there are other
  • things so today we're going to take into
  • consideration that really give armor its
  • look the armor looks the way it does out
  • of necessity and this is why it's
  • sometimes really puzzles me the idea of
  • how something that is made the way it is
  • because it's it's basically a need how
  • it can also be pleasing to the eye so
  • the first thing I'd like to say I've
  • written down just a few notes here is
  • art versus and versus functionality and
  • of course in terms of armor armor is
  • protective gear its protective equipment
  • it's something it needs to save your
  • life and make sure that your soldiers
  • are harder to kill and of course this is
  • achieved through a lot of choices that
  • Armorer's have to make and of course a
  • lot of experimentation now the first
  • thing that we need to take into
  • consideration is that there are two main
  • forces sort of pressures that give armor
  • its shape the first one being body
  • mechanics the way the human body works
  • and which is I would say the predominant
  • one in fact most common ground
  • between among armored has to do with
  • this one when we see that there are
  • similar shapes and similar concepts and
  • approach approaches both for example in
  • a northern Italian suit of armor and in
  • a Japanese sort of samurai armor we'll
  • see common things and today we can I'm
  • gonna point out some of these these are
  • dictated by body mechanics regardless of
  • different traditions regardless of
  • different cultural background the human
  • body is still the same but whether it be
  • a Japanese person or whether it be a an
  • Englishman okay or or a Frenchman so at
  • the end of the day these will reign
  • supreme but there is a second driving
  • force which is very important and that
  • is the one I believe that creates the
  • differences in approaches throughout the
  • world in armor when we look at armor as
  • a whole and that is the weapons so armor
  • rather than being we shouldn't imagine
  • armor being shaved by a hammer if you
  • will in for example in a in an armory
  • but that is the way that it's actually
  • made but armor the shape armor has is
  • dictated by swords by access by maces by
  • war hammers by all those or weapons that
  • are moneda to defend from and of course
  • if you look at European armor as a whole
  • okay it is one of the the kinds of armor
  • in the world which as a witch has a lot
  • of diversity there are a lot of possible
  • figurations with European armor and of
  • course there are a lot of different
  • configurations in samurai armor as well
  • and this is something that many people
  • misunderstand in fact I have had people
  • asking me like so there are so many
  • different kinds of helmet so many
  • different kinds of breastplates and
  • armor configurations in configuration in
  • Europe whereas a Japanese anime is
  • always the same note of a nice armor is
  • not the same in there are a lot of
  • possibilities also in Japanese armor so
  • the fact that someone feels that it's
  • always the same means that they have in
  • a study the subject but given European
  • armor is probably the kind of armor
  • which has more possible configurations
  • although we do need to take into
  • consideration also the fact that when we
  • say Japanese armor and I'm just giving
  • an example here of course we could talk
  • about Thai armor and we're talking about
  • the suits of armor and mating techniques
  • and armory techniques of one country
  • against Europe which is a
  • different countries which often which
  • are next to each other okay so that
  • means the day there was constant
  • competition and Armour has ace had
  • certain developments because of the fact
  • that you always have better armor means
  • weapons need to become better you need
  • more ingenuity sort of stimuli you've
  • got a lot of external stimuli so people
  • come up with better weapons and
  • therefore now armors has become less
  • effective so they need to come up with
  • new configurations new patterns new
  • ideas which will make armor again
  • superior to those weapons so they will
  • have to come up with new weapons because
  • at the end of the day when you make
  • armor it's always a matter of sort of a
  • compromise between protection and
  • mobility it's like you have to imagine
  • it as if for example you've got like one
  • line and let's say you've got fifty
  • percent protection 50 percent mobility
  • when you raise mobility to 60 percent
  • protection will low or low one to forty
  • percent and vice versa so sometimes
  • there are some choices in fact you know
  • sometimes in video games the approach to
  • armor is always a direct line ok this
  • element is better than this helmet and
  • this helmet is the next level helmet etc
  • and same for breastplates but in reality
  • that's not the way of course if you take
  • a late 15th century foot or a suit of a
  • man you compare it to early 11th century
  • sort of armor the latter will be more
  • effective that's out of the question of
  • course it's a no brainer but when you
  • have for example a new kind of helmet
  • it's not that it's just better than the
  • previous one is just that it's better at
  • some things but for example it gives you
  • grunts you better ventilation but the
  • other helmet had better protection
  • though Armour is always the result of a
  • fine adjustment between protection and
  • mobility and when we talk about helmets
  • is a fine adjustment between visibility
  • vision and protection and ventilation in
  • fact if you look at for example a
  • frog-mouthed helmet a sort of helmet
  • which was in its early form maybe we do
  • it was used also on the battlefield but
  • in the majority of cases particularly
  • the late developed forms which are my
  • favorite
  • it's a jousting helmet it gives you a
  • excellent protection because you've got
  • basically one solid plate here or the
  • hinges are in a way that they you know
  • it's not your body's not exposed as much
  • as other helmets like battlefield
  • helmets but the vision you get there is
  • terrible and sometimes there are some
  • conversions of frogmouth and let's say
  • they're completely locked to your
  • breastplate so you can't even move your
  • head inside them and of course breathing
  • is a problem during jousting it doesn't
  • really matter you know dousing for for
  • like a few hits against another guy and
  • then you can remove the helmet and means
  • of it you know you can immediately get
  • some fresh air whereas when you're on
  • the battlefield you don't want to remove
  • the helmet possibly for a few hours and
  • because it needs to so it's better to
  • have the ability to hang job advisor etc
  • so again very interesting concept that
  • of how armor is shaped so again a sort
  • of battle in between weapons and
  • protective gear now when looking at
  • common Grauman ground between armor
  • throughout the world for example even if
  • the method of constructions are
  • different and some choices are different
  • we have to look at for example the let's
  • let's look at breast plates breast
  • plates wear out of the world have a lot
  • of common points for example a European
  • Western European breast plates most of
  • the times they have two major aspects
  • first off they have the shape they're
  • sort of a dome shape if you will and
  • they tend to reach your navel in fact in
  • many games they get it wrong and they
  • get the breast plate reaching basically
  • modern the modern belt and sort of where
  • your jeans have a belt but that is too
  • long for a breastplate and if you have a
  • breastplate like that and a lot of cheap
  • Indian reproductions fail and do that
  • it's problematic because at the very
  • moment you try and sort of bend to it
  • towards the front the breastplate sort
  • of get that gets pushed into your neck
  • and you don't want that of course so
  • real historical breastplate in the
  • majority of cases reaches your navel and
  • then if you do have protection for the
  • lower abdomen
  • it would be a separate plate whether it
  • be a placard whether it be folds there
  • are lots of possible configuration
  • whether it be male okay but and that's a
  • similar concept in Japanese samurai
  • armor as well and I own two sort of
  • armor as you know and whether it be or
  • your or whether it be
  • later tour so good so cool of the 16th
  • century still again looking look at the
  • breast plate as a globular shape it
  • looks like a dome again it's not
  • completely flat and most importantly it
  • reaches your navel so similar causes it
  • reach your navel you ask and that is
  • because of the fact that the armor will
  • be it's very important for mobility and
  • it's also important for a weight
  • distribution for example if you think
  • about a tracking backpack that's
  • basically where he you sort of attach at
  • the sorry I'm liking the word now but I
  • think you understand what I'm saying is
  • sort of fasten it there so there are a
  • lot of choices that are made out of need
  • and they are common and we have similar
  • situation for example with weapons I
  • mean look at as much as we want to say
  • that a european longsword is a very
  • different weapon from a Japanese katana
  • still if you look at historical European
  • martial arts and you compare them in the
  • manuals and everything and you compare
  • them to kenjutsu just looking at the
  • guard positions and the stances there
  • are a lot of similar concepts they all
  • they have the upper stance they have
  • that they're very similar they're not
  • exactly the same but they're very
  • similar why would you say if there were
  • they had no contact at the time and and
  • they were so distant apart and that is
  • because at the end of the day even if
  • there are a lot of different things the
  • kind of steel used a way they were
  • forged to these weapons that one is
  • double edged one a single edge - but
  • still if we're talking about a weapons
  • which is basically a long steel of sharp
  • long steel bar which is sharp attached
  • to a handle so you know 200 so if we
  • look at the long sword so very similar
  • concept and so of course they will lead
  • to similar development
  • because of the way the body works also a
  • last fact I'd like to bring up is the
  • availability of metal of material in
  • general and that is also a distinct an
  • important factor in the construction of
  • armor in fact for example steel in
  • Europe we had a lot of steel and we had
  • excellent quality steel in Japan it was
  • harder to have steel and that's why most
  • of the times although still samurai
  • armor existed he also had sandwiched
  • plates
  • meaning the back plate was iron the top
  • plate was steel which was also a choice
  • was not just a matter of we don't have
  • enough steel it's also a choice because
  • the iron plated softer so he helps with
  • shock absorption but sometimes he also
  • had an entire suit of armor made of iron
  • and which is even later in the day ok
  • even later in in later centuries and
  • that is of course it's also a matter of
  • availability of materials moving on to
  • for example armor for women and I have a
  • dedicated video to this topic that in
  • games again something that happens is
  • that armor for women is made
  • specifically for women
  • you've got silly things like you know
  • the shape of breasts which is absolutely
  • for the breastplate at I know it's
  • called the breastplate but that's
  • absolutely moronic as an idea I mean
  • looks good I'll give you that so if it's
  • fantasy I'll be ok for that as well I
  • can't complain if it's fantasy pair in
  • reality but we don't have a lot of
  • examples because we didn't have a lot of
  • of women fighting in an armor
  • historically speaking there were some
  • but not many but still if you have a
  • woman wearing armor in the area if it's
  • male it's going to look like exactly the
  • male of a man ok it's the exact same
  • thing and interesting enough saying we
  • can say for plate I mean look at Joan of
  • Arc and all the representations we have
  • of iconography and pictures and an
  • imagery of the medieval times which
  • represented and they often represent her
  • in armor because the fact that she went
  • to battle as we know what the story of
  • Joan of Arc is absolutely fascinating
  • the food plate harness she had exquisite
  • full plate honest that she wears is
  • exactly the same as the full plate
  • darkness of a man because at the end of
  • the day it's still human body and
  • history
  • functions that way so again to reiterate
  • ARMA has the shape it has out of
  • necessity and I find it absolutely
  • fascinating that some things we also
  • find appealing to the eye and Ana
  • stunning and for example if you look at
  • this sort of sort of armor for example
  • and you see how thin the waist is it
  • looks good
  • but that's again out of necessity it
  • helps with weight distribution if it
  • were better to make the breastplate look
  • like look really fat and bulky then it
  • would have but that's not the case I
  • would say luckily because to me I mean I
  • became obsessed with armor when I was
  • very young and perhaps I'll make a
  • dedicated video to this if you're
  • interested to know when I became
  • obsessed with armor but I always found
  • armor to be one of the most amazing
  • things of the humans have ever created
  • as far as art is concerned but I would
  • like to know what you think about armor
  • do you have a favorite kind of armor you
  • morning to European armor or do you
  • prefer Roman armor or do you prefer
  • Eastern armor and Asian armor please let
  • me know in the comments below I wish to
  • thank you for your time and I hope that
  • you found this video interesting and
  • also thought-provoking I'd like to hear
  • your opinions of course down in the
  • comments below and I wish to thank you
  • for supporting my content and watching
  • my videos and remember that Metatron has
  • spread its wings good bye
  • you

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Description

A historical investigation on the shape of armour in the West and in the East.
An armour (spelled armor in the US) is a protective covering that is used to prevent damage from being inflicted to an object, individual, or vehicle by weapons or projectiles, usually during combat, or from damage caused by a potentially dangerous environment or action.
The word "armour" began to appear in the Middle Ages as a derivative of Old French. It is dated from 1297 as a "mail, defensive covering worn in combat". The word originates from the Old French armure, itself derived from the Latin armatura meaning "arms and/or equipment", with the root armare meaning "arms or gear".
Armour has been used throughout recorded history. It has been made from a variety of materials, beginning with rudimentary leather protection and evolving through mail and metal plate into today's modern composites.
Significant factors in the development of armour include the economic and technological necessities of its production. For instance, plate armour first appeared in Medieval Europe when water-powered trip hammers made the formation of plates faster and cheaper.
Well-known armour types in European history include the lorica hamata, lorica squamata, and the lorica segmentata of the Roman legions, the mail hauberk of the early medieval age, and the full steel plate harness worn by later medieval and renaissance knights, and breast and back plates worn by heavy cavalry in several European countries until the first year of World War I (1914–15). The samurai warriors of feudal Japan utilised many types of armour for hundreds of years up to the 19th century.

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